Martin Luther King Jr. Bio

Embrace a new country means you have to also learn the language, absorve it’s culture, and learn about its heroes. Martin Luther King lived in a era official turbulence in America and was an example among its community, later becoming an icon, a beloved father and husband. Without him today we would still living in segregation. It is an honor to have the opportunity to share this brief bio with you. We hope this will inspire you to find out more, and learn about his legacy.

I Have a Dream Speech

Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr., January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using the tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.

Martin Luther King Jr.

King in 1964

1st President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

In office


Preceded by

Inaugural holder

Succeeded by

Ralph Abernathy

Personal details


Michael King Jr.

January 15, 1929

Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.


April 4, 1968 (aged 39)

Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.

Cause of death

Gunshot head wound




Coretta Scott (m. 1953)


Yolanda Denise King

Martin Luther King III

Dexter Scott King

Bernice Albertine King


Martin Luther King Sr.

Alberta Williams King


Christine King Farris (sister)

Alfred Daniel Williams King (brother)

Alveda King (niece)

Alma mater

Morehouse College

Crozer Theological Seminary

Boston University



Known for

Civil rights movement, Peace movement


Nobel Peace Prize (1964)

Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977, posthumous)

Congressional Gold Medal (2004, posthumous)


Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial


King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.


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